The War at Home: Exploring Winston and Salem during the Civil War
- Short-term effects of the War included massive economic crises, shortages in food stuffs and commodities, ever-present conscription and desertion, and constant news of illness and death. Perhaps most significant was the cumulative effect of these hardships that made “home” unrecognizable to local residents.
- The most significant shortages were of salt and medicine. Food shortages were a major concern, but salt was crucial for preserving food for the winter, and was a major concern.
- Because Forsyth County was spared physical destruction, post-war recovery was relatively quick. Industries and advancements that grew in large part due to the War expanded greatly in the decade following the War, and led to the economic boom that was to come.
- Henry Fries and Edward Belo teamed up to bring the railroad to Winston; access to the railroad directly led to the influx of entrepreneurs like R.J. Reynolds and P.H. Hanes.
- Emancipation, begun with General Orders #32 and solidified in the 13th Amendment, led to the growth of African American educational institutions and neighborhoods. Because many formerly enslaved were employed in manufacturing and other semi-skilled to skilled jobs, vibrant and successful African American neighborhoods developed.